Publication Ethics

Our ethical statement is based on the COPE Best Practice Guidelines for Journal Editors.

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Publication decision
The editor is responsible for deciding which articles submitted to the journal should be published. Editors may be guided by the discretion of the journal's editorial board and limited by applicable legal requirements regarding defamation, copyright infringement and plagiarism. The editor may confer with other editors or reviewers in making this decision.

Fair Play
Editors evaluate manuscripts at all times for their intellectual content without regard to the race, gender, sexual orientation, religious beliefs, ethnic origin, nationality, or political philosophy of the authors.

Editors and editorial staff may not disclose any information about submitted manuscripts to anyone other than the authors, reviewers and editorial advisors.

Disclosure and conflicts of interest
Unpublished material disclosed in submitted manuscripts may not be used in the editor's own research without the written consent of the author.

Reviewer's Task

Contribution to Editorial Decisions
Peer reviews assist editors in making editorial decisions and through editorial communication with authors can also assist authors in improving papers.

Selected reviewers who feel they are not qualified to review the research reported in a manuscript or know that the review process cannot be carried out immediately are expected to inform the editor.

Any manuscript received for review must be treated as a confidential document. Reviewers may not display or discuss with others without the permission of the editor.

Objectivity Standard
Reviews must be carried out objectively and are not allowed to criticize the author personally. Reviewers must express their views clearly with supporting arguments.

Source Acknowledgment
Reviewers must identify relevant published works that have not been cited by the authors. The reviewer should also call the editor's attention for any similarities between the manuscript under consideration and other published papers.

Disclosure and Conflict of Interest
Privileged information or ideas obtained through peer review must be kept confidential and not used for personal gain. Reviewers may not consider manuscripts in which the reviewer has a conflict of interest resulting from a competitive, collaborative, or other relationship or connection with the author, company, or any institution associated with the paper.


Writer's Task

Reporting standards
Authors must present an accurate report of the results of the research conducted, as well as an objective discussion of their significance. The underlying data must be presented accurately in the manuscript.

Originality and Plagiarism
The author must ensure that the author has written a completely original work, and if the author has used the work and/or words of another, that it is properly cited.

 Multiple, Redundant or Concurrent Publications
An author may not generally publish a manuscript describing essentially the same research in more than one journal or major publication. Submitting the same manuscript to more than one journal at the same time constitutes unethical publishing behavior and is unacceptable.

Source Acknowledgment
Proper acknowledgment of the work of others should always be given. Authors should cite publications that were influential in determining the nature of the reported manuscript.

Writing should be limited to those who have contributed significantly to the conception, design, execution, or interpretation of the reported manuscript. All who have made significant contributions must be listed as co-authors. If there are others who have participated in certain substantive aspects of the research process, they must be recognized or listed as contributors. Authors concerned must ensure that all writing teams have seen and approved the final version of the manuscript for publication.

Disclosure and Conflict of Interest
All authors must disclose that any financial or other substantive conflicts of interest that could be construed to influence the results or interpretation of the manuscript have been resolved jointly.

Fundamental errors in published works
When an author finds significant errors or inaccuracies in his published work, it is the author's obligation to immediately notify the journal editor or publisher and cooperate with the editor to retract or correct the paper.